Epic poetry, popular in the Indian subcontinent, is traditionally called Kavya (काव्य). The Ramayana and Mahabharata, originally composed in Sanskrit and translated thereafter into many other Indian languages, are some of the oldest surviving epic poems on earth and form part of oral traditions and history.
The concept: Epic is a long poem, typically one derived from ancient oral tradition, narrating the deeds and adventures of heroic or legendary figures or the past history of a nation. Epic has also been called a heroic poem, long poem, long story, saga, legend, fable or a folk story over the centuries.
The first epic to appear in Hindi was Tulsidas’ Ramacharitamanas. It is considered a great classic of Hindi epic poetry and literature, and shows the author Tulsidas in complete command over all the important styles of composition — narrative, epic, lyrical and dialectic. He has given a divine character to Rama, the Hindu Avatar of Vishnu, portraying him as an ideal son, husband, brother and king.
In modern Hindi literature, Kamayani by Jaishankar Prasad has attained the status of an epic. The narrative of Kamayani is based on a popular mythological story, first mentioned in Satapatha Brahmana. It is a story of the great flood and the central characters of the epic poem are Manu (a male) and Shraddha (a female). Manu is representative of the human psyche and Shradha represents love. Another female character is Ida, who represents rationality. Some critics surmise that the three lead characters of Kamayani symbolize a synthesis of knowledge, action and desires in human life.
Apart from Kamayani; Kurukshetra, Rashmirathi and Urvashi by Ramdhari Singh ‘Dinkar’ have attained the status of epic poetry.
Likewise Lalita Ke Aansoo by Krant M. L. Verma narrates the tragic story about the death of Lal Bahadur Shastri through his wife Lalita Shastri.
A modern day mythologist and writer Devdutt Pattnaik has perfectly summarized one of the epicest of epic The Mahabharata in just 36 tweets. If you want to meet the greatest of warriors…it is the best place for you.
Eliot T. S.
Thomas Stearns Eliot was born in 1888. Eliot has been one of the most daring innovators of twentieth-century poetry. Never compromising either with the public or indeed with language itself, he has followed his belief that poetry should aim at a representation of the complexities of modern civilization in language and that such representation necessarily leads to difficult poetry. Despite this difficulty his influence on modern poetic diction has been immense. Eliot has always taken care not to become a religious poet and often belittled the power of poetry as a religious force. Here are a few of his famous quotes:-
“Anxiety is the hand maiden of creativity.”
“Immature poets imitate; mature poets steal.”
“Genuine poetry can communicate before it is understood.”
“Any poet, if he is to survive beyond his 25th year, must alter; he must seek new literary influences; he will have different emotions to express.”
“A play should give you something to think about. When I see a play and understand it the first time, then I know it can’t be much good.”
“Poetry may make us from time to time a little more aware of the deeper, unnamed feelings which form the substratum of our being, to which we rarely penetrate; for our lives are mostly constant evasions of ourselves.”
Meaning:- The substitution of an agreeable or inoffensive expression to replace one might offend or suggest something unpleasant, for example, “he is at rest” is a euphemism for “he is dead.”
Hope you are having fun with me. If you are reading this, thank you for stopping by. This post is fifth in a series of 26 posts that I will be writing as part of the A to Z challenge for April 2016. My theme for the challenge would be A to Z of poetry. Feel free to leave your feedback and visit again:-)