Men are almost twice as likely to develop type 2 diabetes as women. Women with obesity are also more likely than men to be metabolically healthy. This may explain why men may develop type 2 diabetes while women with the same body mass index (BMI) do not.
Research suggests that differences in certain behaviors may also contribute to differences in the prevalence of diabetes. These behaviors include:
- sugar intake
- dietary patterns (eating more fruits and vegetables and less meat)
- alcohol consumption
- smoking habits
Men are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes, but women are more likely to experience complications, including heart and kidney disease. The effects of high blood sugar and reduced hormone signaling can also impact sexual health in both men and women.
Once women develop type 2 diabetes, they have a higher likelihood of experiencing complications than men despite the fact that research have shown that women are more proactive than men about managing their type 2 diabetes, suggesting that biology may be increasing the rate of complications. These complications include:
- heart disease
- kidney disease
- depression or anxiety
High blood sugar in uncontrolled diabetes impairs the body’s response to estrogen. This reduces the protective effects of female sex hormones. In other words, diabetes complications in women may be linked to both the effects of high blood sugar and the reduced effects of estrogen signaling on the body.
Women with type 2 diabetes are also more likely to experience depression than men. Depression can affect the frequency and severity of type 2 diabetes complications. Studies have shown that depression increased the likelihood of type 2 diabetes-related hospitalizations by over 50%.
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Women may develop transient diabetes like state during pregnancy called as gestational diabetes mellitus or GDM. It usually disappears after delivery of baby but may continue or reappear in up to 50 % of mothers as Type 2 diabetes mellitus.
This post is a part of #BlogchatterA2Z 2023