Alankaar: #AtoZChallenge

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Alankaar (लंकार) (Figure of speech):  A

          It is a beautiful coincidence that I get to talk about the ‘alankaar’ in my first post for this challenge. They have always intrigued me and inspired me to create beautiful effects with words in my poems. I will be sharing few of my creations during this challenge, old and new, and I hope you will keep looking for ‘alankaar’ in my posts. Each of my post will also feature a bonus word and a notable poet for the alphabet of the day.

Note: I have cited only the relevant lines from my poems as examples
to keep this post concise, you may follow the links provided to go to the original post/complete poem.

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Source Here

The concept: (अलंकार) Alankaar is a figure of speech which means ornaments or adornments. It is one of the basic concepts of Hindi grammar; essentially a bibelot used in Hindi language to enhance the beauty of a poem. The ‘alankaar’ may create a superlative effect by way of a word itself or enhance it indirectly with its meaning.

Most common (अलंकार) Alankaar that you might find in the Hindi poetry are:

  1. अनुप्रास अलंकार (Pronun:/Anu’praas/)(Meaning: Alliteration)

Explanation: When a consonant/sound is repeated several times (more than once) in succession in a sentence or a poem.
Example:                              

ख़्वाहिश  भर  से  अंजाम  मिला  नहीं  करते,

के  हर  ख़्वाब  को  परवान  चढ़ाना  पड़ता  है ;

अंधेरे  को  कोसकर   किसने   क्या  पाया  है,

के  अपना  दीपक  ख़ुद  ही  जलाना   पड़ता  है ||

                                                                  -Doc2poet

Repeated use of ‘क’ is creating alliteration here. It is a beautiful composition from my archives and the following link will take you to there, hope you like it:-) :- https://doc2poet.wordpress.com/2015/10/12/spirituality2/

Here is another post commemorating alliteration where the first letter of each line is same: Click here

  1. यमक अलंकार (Pronunciation:/Ya’mak/) (Meaning: Homonym)

Explanation: When a word is repeated more than once in a sentence but each time its meaning is different.
Example:                                        

काल  करे  सो  काल  ही  कर,

के  आज  भी  तो  कल (yesterday)  का  कल (tomorrow),

करते  जाने  की  होड़  में, कहीं  बीत  न  जाए  ये  पल ||

                                                                     -Doc2poet

Here ‘कल’ is used twice with a different meaning each time.

Note Repeated use of  ‘क’  is also creating  alliteration here.

This couplet is dedicated to the great Kabira  and you can visit it here: https://doc2poet.wordpress.com/2015/09/19/kabira1/

  1. श्लेष अलंकार (Pronunciation:/Shh’le:sh/) (Meaning: Pun)

Explanation: When a word is used only once but it has more than one meaning.
Example:                                            

कभी  जीत  मिली, कभी  सीख ,

कुछ  मंज़िलें  हैं, जो  अभी  पानी  हैं;

कोई  छूट  गया, कोई  साथ  रहा,

के  तस्वीरें  कुछ  धुँधली, तो  कुछ  जानी-पहचानी  हैं;

                                                                     -Doc2poet

‘तस्वीरें’ here has multiple meanings here ‘Pictures’ & ‘Memories’.

This link will take you to the original post:

https://doc2poet.wordpress.com/2015/10/11/bittersweet/

  1. उपमा अलंकार (Pronunciation:/oop’maa/) (Meaning: Simile)

Explanation: When a person or thing is compared with a similar but famous or well known person or thing.
Example:                                        

ख़यालों  ने  उनके  सताया  है  इस  क़दर,

के  राबता  हो  उनसे….तो  पूछेंगे  ज़रूर ;

तराशा  है  तुम्हें  खुद  उस  ख़ुदा  ने,

या  हो  तुम  परी….या  कोई  हूर ||

                                                                     -Doc2poet

Here the inamorata is being compared with a fairy/ nymph/genie to create a simile.This poem is very close to my heart and you can feel it too, just click here: https://doc2poet.wordpress.com/2015/08/27/dil1/

  1. रूपक अलंकार (Pronunciation:/Roo’pak/) (Meaning:Metaphor)

Explanation: When a word is used for something to which it is not literally applicable in order to suggest a resemblance.
Example:                                  

उन्हें भूल पाना अब मुमकिन नहीं ,

के ये कोमल एहसास ही…साँसों का सहारा बन गया ;

साहिलों से नाता टूटे ज़माना हो चला,

के उफनते इस सागर में…ये तिनका ही किनारा  बन गया ||

                                                                     -Doc2poet

 Here ‘सागर’ (meaning: sea) denotes ‘turbulent life’ and  ‘तिनका’ (meaning: straw/ shred/ scrap) is used to bespeak ‘a succor, support, hope or a coast’ to create a metaphor.

This link will take you to the original post: https://doc2poet.wordpress.com/2015/10/12/loneliness1/

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Amīr Khusrow (मीर ख़ुसरौ):

He was a Sufi musician and poet born in 1253. His enduring fame in India rests on the riddles, quibbles and songs written by him. He was one of the pioneers of Persian and Hindi poetry, including ‘qawwali’ and ‘ghazals’ in India.

Some of his celebrated creations include:

(It is not only a classic but one of my favorite poem too)

Chaap Tilak

चाप तिलक सब छीनी रे मोसे नैना मिलाइके,

चाप तिलक सब छीनी रे मोसे नैना मिलाइके,

प्रेम भाटी का माधवा  पिलाइके,

मतवाली कर लीनी रे मोसे नैना मिलाइके,

गोरी गोरी बैयाँ, हरी हरी चूड़ियाँ ,

बैयाँ पकड़  धर लीनी रे मोसे नैना मिलाइके,

बलि बलि जाऊं में तोरे रंग रजवा,

अपनी सी कर लीनी रे मोसे नैना मिलाइके,

ख़ुसरौ निजाम के बलि बलि जाईए ,

मोहे सुहागन कीनी रे मोसे नैना मिलाइके,

चाप तिलक सब छीनी रे मोसे नैना मिलाइके ||

Translation:

You’ve taken away my looks, my identity, by just a glance.
By making me drink the wine of love-potion,
You’ve intoxicated me by just a glance;
My fair, delicate wrists with green bangles in them,
Have been held tightly by you with just a glance.
I give my life to you, Oh my cloth-dyer,
You’ve dyed me in yourself, by just a glance.
I give my whole life to you Oh, Nijam,
You’ve made me your bride, by just a glance.

Here is another famous gem from Amir Khusrow’s collection:

ख़ुसरो   दरिया   प्रेम   का, उल्टी   वा   की   धार,

जो   उतरा  सो   डूब   गया, जो   डूबा   सो   पार ||

Translation:

Khusrow, the river of love runs in strange directions.
One who jumps into it drowns, and one who drowns, gets across.

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Afflatus:

Meaning  A divine creative impulse or poetic inspiration.

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If you are reading this, thank you for stopping by. This post is first in a series of 26 posts that I will be writing as part of the A to Z challenge for April 2016. My theme for the challenge would be A to Z of poetry. Don’t feel shy to leave your feedback and visit again:-)

3 day 3 quote Challenge: Day 3

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     I am extremely delighted to be part of the 3 Days quotes challenges which have been making the rounds for a few weeks now. It is exciting to decipher such insightful quotes shared by the best of bloggers. I am really grateful to AishwariyaRamaChandran for tagging me for this challenge. Thank you so much for nominating me. I strongly recommend following her blog at https://ratraceofmylife.wordpress.com/ .

                   This is my third and last day in the 3 day quote challenge and I cannot bid adieu to this thought provoking adventure without being cosy with my poetic self. Hope you will also like them:-

Quote 1:

काल  करे  सो  काल  ही  कर,

के  आज  भी  तो  कल  का  कल,

करते  जाने  की  होड़  में,

कहीं  बीत  न  जाए  ये  पल ||

                                                                                         -Doc2poet

            With all due respect to the great poet and saint Kabir Das Ji, I took the liberty to mold them in consonance with the present times. This quote is simply about making the most out of each moment without being carried away by the rat race psyche.

 

Quote 2:

गुरु  गोविंद  दौऊ  खड़े ,

काके  लागूँ  पाए ;

पर आज  कल  के  दौर  में ,

They  just  say…’Hi’ ||

                                                                                         -Doc2poet

                This quote is again a Kabira classic which has been revisited to depict the regression in cultural aesthetics and values emerging out of commercialization of education and even spirituality. Please spare me for toying with the works of the great Kabira himself but it was meant for creative genesis rather than hurting anyone’s feelings.

Now for my nominees and challenge rules…

Challenge rules:

  1. Thank your challenging blogger and post their site
  2. Post three consecutive days
  3. Post one to three quotes per day
  4. Challenge three different bloggers per day

My nominees:

http://www.meapoet.in/

http://sunshineandblueclouds.blogspot.in/

https://meredeshkimitti.wordpress.com/

I enjoyed being part of this challenge and hope you enjoy it too…

 

3 day 3 quote Challenge: Day 2

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      I am extremely delighted to be part of the 3 Days quotes challenges which have been making the rounds for a few weeks now. It is exciting to decipher such insightful quotes shared by the best of bloggers. I am really grateful to AishwariyaRamaChandran for tagging me for this challenge. Thank you so much for nominating me. I strongly recommend following her blog at https://ratraceofmylife.wordpress.com/ .

                  This is my second day in the 3 day quote challenge. It wasn’t easy to select a quote for this post simply because I love so many of them. Being an ardent reader and a movie buff makes it a little difficult to select a few from the humongous inventory of quotes and one-liners. I really wanted to put one from the Harry Potter series but I chose one of my own:-

Quote 1:

“There are some things…we think we cannot do; and some things which we must…

Life happens when the two of them COINCIDE.”

                                                                                         -Doc2poet

           This is a quote I came up when I faced a difficult situation myself. It was when I managed to rise from an emotional turmoil and took it upon myself to stand my ground and face the situation. It wasn’t only me but we all face such situations every now and then. But I have realised that most of the restrictions are only subjective and they are bound to fall one we decide to fight them. This is the circle of life, complicated yet easy. We must remember not worry about things we cannot do until we have done all that we still can…

Now for my nominees and challenge rules…

Challenge rules:

  1. Thank your challenging blogger and post their site
  2. Post three consecutive days
  3. Post one to three quotes per day
  4. Challenge three different bloggers per day

My nominees:

https://maniparna5002.wordpress.com/

https://zhwadevivre.wordpress.com/

https://hargunwahi.wordpress.com/

 

 

3 day 3 quote challenge: Day 1

       Untitled

          I am extremely delighted to be part of the 3 Days quotes challenges which have been making the rounds for a few weeks now. It is exciting to decipher such insightful quotes shared by the best of bloggers. I am really grateful to AishwariyaRamaChandran for tagging me for this challenge. Thank you so much for nominating me. I strongly recommend following her blog at https://ratraceofmylife.wordpress.com/ .

            This is my first day in the 3 day quote challenge and I have selected the following three quotes which give a pragmatic approach to my life. I believe if we are positive and optimistic, we can achieve anything and these quotes conveys this philosophy despite being so deft and simple.

Quote 1:

“Life is beautiful*

                                *Conditions apply.”

                This is the best quote I have ever come across. It says life is always beautiful; we only need to anticipate and accept the conditions that come with it. If we can do that, we can embrace the beauty of our lives amidst all the chaos then only we can make the best out of it.

Quote 2:

“Life is a mirror, smile at it.”

                 It may be just a few words but it is one quote about life that beautifully sums up how we should look at it. Life reciprocates everything that we do. If we are remain positive and manage to gather courage to get up every time we fall, life will always come back smiling. So just stay positive and smile.

Quote 3:

“Life goes on…”

                We may choose to move on and take a chance in the unknown or stay behind, locked in the past, thinking of what could have been. Life does not wait for anyone and we have to keep moving just to stay in sync with it, no matter what happens.

Now for my nominees and challenge rules…

Challenge rules:

  1. Thank your challenging blogger and post their site
  2. Post three consecutive days
  3. Post one to three quotes per day
  4. Challenge three different bloggers per day

My nominees:

http://akatheversatile.com/

https://bhaatdaal.wordpress.com/

https://jhilmilbhansali.wordpress.com/